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SAE Diesel Engine Technology e-Seminar
(See hyperlinks below for demonstration clips)

I. The Case for the Diesel Engine [Total Run Time: 5 mins, 54 secs]
  The Case For The Diesel Engine
  The Spark-Ignited Combustion
  The Spark-Ignited Combustion (Cont.)
  The Compression-Ignition Combustion
  The Compression-Ignition Combustion (Cont.)
  Brief Comparison Between Diesel and Gasoline
  Thermal Efficiency of Diesel Vs. Gasoline Engines
  Compression Ratio Limitations in Diesel Engines
  Fuel Consumption
  Other Diesel Distinguishing Features
  Throttled/Unthrottled Operation
  Volumetric Efficiency
  Specific Calorific Value (MJ/kg)
  Mixture Preparation
  Torque Characteristics For Various Engines
  SI/CI PV Diagram Comparison
  SI/CI Cycle Comparison
  Advantages and Disadvantages of Diesel Engines
  CO2 Emission and The Future For Diesels
  I'm Not a Hybrid
II. The Diesel Combustion Process [Total Run Time: 29 mins, 7 secs]
  The Diesel Combustion Process
  The Basic Four-Stroke Operation
  The Four-Stroke Diesel Operation
  Pressure-Volume (PV) Diagram
  Pressure-Crank Angle Diagram
  Valve Timing Events
III. The Basic Types of Diesel Engines [Total Run Time: 24 mins, 5 secs]
  The Basic Types of Diesel Engines
  Basic Types of Internal Combustion Engines
  DI and IDI Combustion Chamber Designs
  Important Combustion Bowl Dimensions
  Center Button (PIP) In Middle of Combustion Bowl
  Features of Various Combustion Bowl Designs
IV. General Characteristics of DI and IDI Engines [Total Run Time: 9 mins, 8 secs]
  General Characteristics of DI and IDI Engines
  Combustion Characteristics Differences Between DI and IDI Engines
  Combustion Characteristics Differences Between DI and IDI Engines-Summary
  Why DI Instead Of IDI?
V. The Diesel Fuel Injection System [Total Run Time: 1 hr, 38 mins, 29 secs]
  The Diesel Fuel Injection System
  The Diesel Fuel Injection System (Cont.)
  Functions of The Diesel Fuel Injection System
  Functions of The Diesel Fuel Injection System (Cont.)
  Functions of The Diesel Fuel Injection System (Cont.)
  Functions of The Diesel Fuel Injection System (Cont.)
  Types of Diesel Fuel Injection Systems
  Pump-Line-Nozzle Systems
  Details of an In-Line Pump
  Operation of an In-Line Pump
  Multi-Hole Injector Holder and Nozzle
  Line Dynamics Effects and Delivery Valve Operation
  Details of an In-Line Pump
  Line Dynamics Effects and Delivery Valve Operation
  Mechanical Governors
  Injector Installation and Spray Details
  Injector Installation and Spray Details (Cont.)
  Pump-Line-Nozzle Systems (Distributor Pump System)
  Pump-Line-Nozzle Systems (Distributor Pump System) (Cont.)
  Operation of a Distributor Pump
  Another Distributor Pump (Stanadyne Rotary Pump)
  Unit Pump System (Installed in Deutz Engine)
  Unit Injector System (Push Rod/Rocker Arm Actuation)
  Mechanically-Controlled Unit Injector
  Common-Rail Injection Systems
  Common-Rail Injection Systems (Cont.)
  Moving Towards Electronically-Controlled Systems
  Motivation For Using Electronically-Controlled Injection Systems in Diesel Engines
  Basic Electronic Injection Control System
  Electronically Controlled In-Line Pump
  Electronically Vs. Mechanically Controlled Pumps
  Electronically Controlled Distributor Pump
  Single Solenoid Valve Electronically Controlled UI
  Electronically Controlled UI System
  Electronically Controlled Common-Rail System
  Hydraulically-Actuated Electronically-Controlled Unit Injector (HEUI) System
  Operation of a (HEUI) System (A Combination Common-Rail & Unit Injector)
  Developing Injection Pressure in a HEUI System (Using an Intensifier Injector)
  Desired Injection Flexibilities (Requiring HEUI-B System Capabilities)
  Operational Differences Between HEUI-A and HEUI-B
  The HEUI-B Injection System
VI. Air Management--Supercharging & Turbocharging [Total Run Time: 50 mins, 1 secs]
  Air Management--Supercharging & Turbocharging
  Air Management--Supercharging & Turbocharging (Cont.)
  The Purpose of Air Charging
  Methods of Air Charging
  Supercharger Drives
  Types of Superchargers
  Schematic Representation of Supercharger Types
  Schematic Representation of Supercharger Types (Cont.)
  Sample Performance Map of a Supercharger
  Photographs of Two Centrifugal Superchargers
  Sample Performance Map of a Centrifugal Supercharger
  Types of Turbochargers
  Schematic Representation -- Turbocharging System
  Exhaust and Charge Air Flow Through a Fixed Geometry Turbocharger
  Anatomy of a Turbocharger
  Cutaway in Modern Fixed Geometry Turbocharger
  Energy Conversion in a Turbocharger
  Waste-Gated Turbocharger
  Variable Geometry Turbocharger
  Variable Geometry Turbocharger Effect on Smoke
  Combination System--Wave Charging
  Turbocompounding
  Sequential Turbocharging
  Electrically-Assisted Turbocharger
  Compressor and Turbine Performance
VII. Emission Formation in Diesel Engines [Total Run Time: 46 mins, 27 secs]
  Emissions Formation in Diesel Engines
  Emissions From Diesel Engines (Regulated Emissions)
  Emissions From Diesel Engines (Unregulated Emissions-Partial List)
  Review of The Diesel Combustion Cycle
  Heat Release Diagram
  Combustion Steps in DI Diesel Engines
  Combustion of a Fuel Spray
  Combustion of a Fuel Spray
  Sources of Hydrocarbons
  Sources of Carbon Monoxide
  Sources of Nitrogen Oxides
  Definition Of Particulate Matter
  HSDI - Diesel Particle Size Distribution
  Fractional Particle Vs. Size Deposition in Adults at Rest
  Fractional Particle Vs. Size Deposition in Adults at Rest
  Sources of Particulate Matter
  Effect of Fuel Sulfur on Particle Size Distribution
  Effect of EGR & DOC on Particle Size Distribution
  Comparison of Nanoparticle Concentration Between Different HS Combustion Systems
  The Diesel Engine Smoke Problem--A Design Aid Chart
  Black Smoke--The Black Eye Of The Diesel Engine
  White Smoke--The Evidence Of a Cold Diesel
VIII. Diesel Emission Standards [Total Run Time: 53 mins, 3 secs]
  Diesel Emissions Standards
  Health Effects of Regulated Emissions
  The Clean Air Act and EPA's Authority
  New Engine Certification
  Self Audit Programs
  Light-Duty Standards For USA and Europe
  EPA Tier 2 Emission Standards (Diesel - FTP 75 in g/mile)
  Light-Duty Standards For USA and Europe
  Euro-V Emission Standards For Passenger Cars (Fuel Neutral - ECE 15+EUDC in g/km - 50 ppm Sulfur/2005 )
  Green House Gas Limits (Association De Companies Europ´┐Żenes D'Automobiles ACEA - EU Commission Agreement For CO2 Fleet Averages )
  EPA light-Duty Test Cycle (EPA FTP-75+SFTP)
  EPA light-Duty Test-New Cycles (To Simulate A/C Load & Fast Acceleration)
  DIFFERENCES IN DRIVING CYCLE
  Test Setup and Instrumentation
  Chassis-Roll Dynamometer Setup
  Dilution Tunnel Setup
  Particulate Matter Sampling System
  HC Instrumentation
  CO and CO2 Instrumentation
  NOx Instrumentation
  PM Instrumentation (Gravimetric Analysis Only)
  Smoke Instrumentation
IX. Steps Towards the Modern Diesel Engine [Total Run Time: 1 hr]
  Characteristics of The Modern Diesel Engine
  NOx Reduction Technologies (Traditional)
  Effect of Injection Timing Retard on NOx Emissions
  Fuel Economy Versus NOx Reduction
  Effect of Injection Pressure on Fuel Economy at Various NOx Settings
  Combined Effect of Injection Timing and Charge Air Cooling on NOx Emissions
  Effect of Injection Timing Retard & High Injection Pressure on The Diesel Combustion Cycle
  Effect of Colder Charge Air on The Diesel Combustion Cycle
  Particulate Emission Composition (General)
  Particulate Reduction Technologies (Traditional)
  Improved Air Management
  Improved Air Management (Increased Charge Air Especially at Speeds Below Peak Torque Speed)
  Improved Air Management (Reduced A/R at Engine Speeds Below Peak Torque Speed)
  Improved Air Management (Increased Air By increasing Density Through Charge Air Cooling)
  Improved PM Oxidation With Increased Charge Air
  Improved Combustion System
  Improved Combustion System (1) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Swirl Assisted Ports)
  Improved Combustion System (2) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Swirl Assisted Ports)
  Improved Combustion System (3) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Intake Manifold Design)
  Improved Combustion System (4) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Intake Manifold Design)
  Improved Combustion System (5) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Combustion Bowl Design & Location)
  Improved Combustion System (6) (Improved Mixture Preparation Through Combustion Bowl Design & Location)
  Improved Oil Control
  Cylinder Bore Cross-Hatch
  Improved Oil Control (Better Oil Control Through Control Of Bore Honing)
  Improved Oil Control (Better Oil Control Through Piston Ring Design)
  Improved Injection System
  Improved Injection System (1) (Increased Injection Pressure)
  Improved Injection System (2) (Reduced Sac Volume)
  Improved Injection System (3) (Problems Associated With Large Sac Volume)
  Improved Injection System (4) (Electronic Injection Control)
X. Current-Emerging-Future Technologies [Total Run Time: 3 hr, 4 mins, 26 secs]
  Current-Emerging-Future Technologies
  Introduction - The Regulatory Environment (1)
  Introduction - The Regulatory Environment (2)
  Technology Options
  The Fuel Injection System
  Applying Novel Fuel Injection Methods (1)
  Effect of Pilot Quantity on Rate of Pressure Rise (2)
  Effect of Rate Shape on Combustion Pressure (3)
  Effect of Pilot Quantity on Emissions (4)
  Flexibility of Multiple Injections (5)
  Effect of Pilot Injection on Combustion Noise (6)
  Relationship Between NOx and Fuel Injected Prior to Ignition at 75% Load (7)
  Relationship Between PM and Fuel Injected After Peak Apparent Heat Release Rate (8)
  Optimum Rate Shape For Various Engine Operating Points (9)
  Full Authority Electronic Control (10)
  Full Authority Electronic Control (11)
  Full Authority Electronic Control (10)
  The Modern Fuel Injection Equipment (12)
  Fuel Injection System Summary (14)
  The Combustion System
  Combustion System (1)
  Combustion System (2)
  Combustion System (3)
  Combustion System (4)
  Combustion System (5)
  Combustion System (6)
  Combustion System (8)
  Combustion System (9)
  Combustion System (10)
  Combustion System (11)
  Combustion System (12)
  The Induction System
  Induction System (1)
  Turbocharger Design Upgrades For Low speed Full Load and High Torque Smoke Reduction (2)
  Turbocharger Design Upgrades For Smoke Reduction at Any Speed and Load Condition (3)
  Sequential Turbocharging (4)
  Exhaust Gas Recirculation (5)
  Exhaust Gas Recirculation Fundamentals (6)
  Effect of EGR on Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen in The Intake Manifold (7)
  Effect of EGR on Intake Manifold Temperature (8)
  Exhaust Gas Recirculation Fundamentals (9)
  Exhaust Gas Recirculation Fundamentals (10)
  The High Pressure Loop EGR System (11)
  The Low Pressure Loop EGR System (12)
  The Hybrid Low/High Pressure Loop EGR System (13)
  The Venturi-Assisted EGR System (14)
  The Fast-Acting (Low or High) Pressure Loop EGR System (15)
  Electronically-Controlled EGR Valve (16)
  Electronically-Controlled EGR Valve/Intake Manifold Assembly (17)
  EGR Cooling and EGR Cooler (18)
  EGR Cooler Effectiveness and Pressure Drop (19)
  EGR Control and System Integration (20)
  Using VGTs as Part of The EGR Control and System Integration (21)
  Systems For Controlling EGR and A/F Ratio (22)
  Acceleration Smoke Control (23)
  Effect of Injection Timing Retard Versus EGR on Fuel Consumption (24)
  Effect of Injection Timing Retard Versus EGR on Particulate Emission (25)
  Effect of EGR on Particulate Emission Composition (26)
  Effect of EGR on Piston Ring Wear (27)
  Effect of EGR on Cylinder Liner Wear (28)
  Diesel and Alternative Fuels
  Fuel Options
  Diesel Fuel
  Effects of Fuel Sulfur on Engine-Out PM
  Effect of Aromatics & Cetane Number
  Effect of Water Emulsion on NOx Emissions at Various Injection Timings & Compression Ratios
  The Fischer-Tropsch Process
  The Fischer-Tropsch Process
  The Biodiesel Fuel (Definition)
  The Biodiesel Fuel (Effect on Emissions)
  DME (Dimethyl Ether)
  Synthetic Fuel (Plus Oxygenates)
  Post-Combustion Emission Controls
  Sizing The Problem (Engine-out Diesel Vs. Gasoline)
  A Bird's Eye View of Diesel Auxiliary Emission Control Devices*
  Systems For Particulate Matter Reduction
  Anatomy of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
  Washcoat Technology & Deactivation Mechanisms
  Effect of Washcoat Technology on Oxidation Activity
  Effect of Noble Metal on Oxidation Activity
  Noble Metal Combinations For Diesel Oxidation Catalysts
  Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
  The Diesel Particulate Filter Solution
  The Diesel Particulate Filter Solution
  Particulate Collection Methods
  Embodiments of Collection Methods (1)
  Embodiments of Collection Methods (2)
  Embodiments of Collection Methods (3)
  Most Common Trap Element
  Diesel Particulate Disposal
  Diesel Particulate Trap Regeneration (1)
  Diesel Particulate Trap Regeneration (2)
  Diesel Particulate Trap Regeneration (3)
  Diesel Particulate Trap Regeneration (4)
  Diesel Particulate Trap Regeneration (5)
  Filter Materials
  Continuously-Regenerated Trap (Catalyzed Continuously-Regenerated Trap)
  Continuously-Regenerated Trap (Catalyzed Continuously-Regenerated Trap)
  Systems For NOx Reduction
  Lean NOx Catalyst
  Lean NOx Catalyst
  Lean NOx Catalyst (LNC)/DeNOx Catalyst
  Lean NOx Trap Principle
  Lean NOx Trap Chemistry
  Lean NOx Trap and the Sulfur Problem
  Lean NOx Trap Practical Embodiment
  Lean NOx Trap Regeneration Frequency
  Selective Catalytic Reduction
  Selective Catalytic Reduction (System Configuration)
  Selective Catalytic Reduction Efficiency
  Selective Catalytic Reduction (Typical Integrated System)
  Selective Catalytic Reduction (Passenger Car Demonstration)
  Solid Reductant System (Ammonium Carbamate)
  Selective Catalytic Reduction
  Integrated Solutions and Emission Control Strategies For Future Diesels
  Summary Of Emerging Technologies
  NOx/PM Reduction System (High Pressure Loop EGR & CB-DPF)
  NOx/PM Reduction System (Low Pressure Loop EGR & CB-DPF)
  Integrated Solutions (EGR-FIE-DOC-DPF-FBC)
  Integrated Solutions (DOC-SCR-CBDPF)
  Strategies Involving Integrated Solutions (Engine-DOC-LNC-CBDPF)
  Strategies Involving Integrated Solutions (Engine-DOC-LNC-CBDPF)
  Strategies For Euro V
  Integrated Solutions
  Integrated Solutions Conclusion
  Long-Term Solutions For Emission Controls
  Plasma: The Fourth State of Matter
  The Stages of Non-Thermal Plasma
  Non-Thermal Plasma System Schematic
  Non-Thermal Plasma (Electrical Discharge To Energize Electrons)
  Plasma-Assisted Catalytic NOx Reduction Scheme
  Plasma-Assisted Catalytic NOx Reduction
  Plasma Device For PM Reduction
  Bon Voyage